The Slovenian judicial system is composed by the Supreme Court, the appellate courts, the regional courts and the county courts.
Besides those, the Constitutional Court (which is considered an independent body), the Administrative Court and the first instance administrative courts, the Court of Audit, the Labor Court of Slovenia and the labor courts are also part of the system.
What are the responsibilities of the courts in Slovenia?
The Slovenian Constitutional Court is formed by nine judges, elected by the National Assembly on the proposal of the president of the republic for a term of nine years. The president of the Constitutional Court is elected for a term of three years by the judges. The Constitutional Court is, as the name states, the defendant of the Constitution and decides on the conformity of laws, regulations with the Constitution or with ratified treaties or with principles of international law, decides in cases related to the violation of fundamental freedoms and human rights, on jurisdictional disputes between the National Assembly, the president of the republic, and the government; between the state and local communities and among local communities themselves; between courts and other state authorities. It also takes decisions related to the constitutionality of treaties. It may also have other attributions decided by the law and the Constitution.
There are 37 Judges in the highest judicial institution from Slovenia, the Supreme Court. These judges are elected by the National Assembly at the proposal of the President. The Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the state in criminal, civil and commercial cases, in cases related to the administration and in labor and social security disputes. The Supreme Court is divided into several departments: a criminal, a civil, a commercial, a labor and social, an administrative, a registry department and a department for international cooperation.
Right below the Supreme Court, the applicants can request the help of one of the four appellate courts in Slovenia in civil and criminal cases already heard at an inferior court. The appellate courts are also first instance courts in major civil and criminal cases. The appellate courts are situated in: Celju, Kopru, Ljubljani and Mariboru.
The appellate courts for cases heard at the first instance courts are one of the 11 regional courts located in Slovenia. The first instance courts or the county courts are situated in 44 regions and have jurisdiction in small civil and criminal cases which don’t imply a major punishment.
The Slovenian Court of Audit is the highest body for supervising the public spending, the state accounts and the state budget of the Republic of Slovenia.
The administrative courts are taking decisions related to the decisions taken by the state authorities related to the administration, while the Administrative Court of Slovenia is hearing the cases already heard at the first instance administrative courts.
The labor courts are hearing all the cases related to employment and, if the results are considered not satisfactory, a higher decision can be taken in such cases by the Labor Court of Slovenia.
What are the responsibilities of the Arbitrary Court in Slovenia?
Arbitration is an alternative mode of settling a dispute outside the judicial instances. The process may be presented in front of an individual arbitrator or an arbitral tribunal which are elected by the parties and authorized to decide upon the conflict. The arbitral award is considered final and binding. This method is often chosen because it is considered much faster, confidential and efficient than a usual judicial procedure.
How long does litigation in Slovenia take?
The litigation duration depends on many factors, such as the availability of the lawyers and the judges, the possibility of raising an appeal, the acceptance of the initial decision.
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